Map of the Battles

Click on a label on the map to find out more about that particular battle. This will take you to a brief summary of that battle. A variety of sources have been used to write these summaries but readers should be aware that sources for some of the battles are scant, and in some instances virtually non-existent, so much of what is written about the battles – both here and in other secondary sources – is conjecture based on what is available. These battles – perhaps more than any other aspect of this period of history – demonstrate the difficulties any historian faces in trying to recapture the past and emphasises the need to read as many contemporary and near contemporary sources as possible, in order to provide an hypothesis of what actually happened.

Here is a link, which will take you to a more detailed description of all these battles. The coats of arms shown in these descriptions represent some of those who took part in the battle, and have been drawn by Geoffrey Wheeler. Each battle section has its own further reading list in addition to the extensive bibliography for the Wars of the Roses.

BarnetSt AlbansTewkesburyEdgecoteMortimers CrossLudfordNorthamptonBosworthLosecoteBlore HeathStokeWakefieldTowtonHexhamHedgeley Moor

BattleYorkLancasterVictor
The 1st Battle of St Albans
Date: 22 May 1455
Battle site: Fought in the town of St Albans, Hertfordshire.
Leaders in battle: Duke of York • Earl of Warwick

Casualties: c. 100 men in total
Leaders in battle: King Henry VI • Duke of Buckingham • Duke of Somerset • Earl of Northumberland • Lord Clifford

Casualties: Duke of Somerset • Earl of Northumberland • Earl of Dorset • Lord Clifford
York
The Battle of Blore Heath
Date: 23 September 1459
Battle site: Site crosses A53, Newcastle-under-Lyme to Market Drayton road, about 3 miles east of the latter, Staffordshire.
Leaders in battle: Earl of Salisbury

Casualties: Yorkist casualties minimal
Leaders in battle: Lord Audley • Lord Dudley

Casualties: Lord Audley • Sir William Troutbeck • Sir Hugh Venables • Sir John Donne • c. 2000 Lancastrians
York
The Rout of Ludford Bridge
Date: 12 October 1459 - 13 October 1459
Battle site: South of Ludlow, bridge crossing the River Teme, Shropshire.
Leaders in battle: Duke of York • Earl of Salisbury • Earl of Warwick • Earl of March • Earl of Rutland

Casualties: None
Leaders in battle: King Henry VI • Duke of BuckinghamLancaster
The Battle of Northampton
Date: 10 July 1460
Battle site: Immediately south-east of Northampton and north of Delapré Abbey.
Leaders in battle: Earl of Warwick • Earl of March

Casualties: c. 300 men in total
Leaders in battle: King Henry VI • Duke of Buckingham • Earl of Shrewsbury • Lord Grey of Ruthyn

Casualties: Duke of Buckingham • Earl of Shrewsbury • Lord Egremont • Lord Beaumont
York
The Battle of Wakefield
Date: 30 December 1460
Battle site: Sandal, about 1.5 miles south-east of Wakefield, West Yorkshire.
Leaders in battle: Duke of York • Earl of Salisbury • Earl of Rutland

Casualties: Duke of York • Earl of Salisbury (ex) • Earl of Rutland • Sir Thomas Neville • Sir Thomas Harrington • Sir Thomas Parre • Sir Hugh Mortimer • Sir John Mortimer
Leaders in battle: Duke of Somerse • Earl of Northumberland • Earl of Devon • Lord Clifford • Lord RoosLancaster
The Battle of Mortimer's Cross
Date: 2 February 1461 or 3 February 1461
Battle site: Approx. 4.5 miles north-west of Leominster, Hereford & Worcester, to the right of the A4410.
Leaders in battle: Earl of March • Sir William Hastings • Sir William Herbert • Walter DevereuxLeaders in battle: Earl of Pembroke • Earl of Wiltshire • Owen Tudor • Sir John Throckmorton

Casualties: Owen Tudor (ex) • Sir John Throckmorton (ex)
York
The 2nd Battle of St Albans
Date: 17 February 1461
Battle site: The town of St Albans, Barnard's Heath and Sandridge, Hertfordshire.
Leaders in battle: Earl of Warwick • Earl of Arundel • Duke of Norfolk • Lord Montagu

Casualties: Lord Bonville (ex) • Sir Thomas Kyriell (ex)
Leaders in battle: Queen Margaret • Duke of SomersetLancaster
The Battle of Towton & Ferrybridge
Date: 28 March 1461 - 29 March 1461
Towton Battle site: Between Towton and Saxton to the right of the B1217, North Yorkshire.
Leaders in battle: King Edward IV • Duke of Norfolk • Earl of Warwick • Lord Fauconberg

Casualties: Lord Fitzwalter
Leaders in battle: Duke of Somerset • Earl of Northumberland • Lord Clifford

Casualties: Earl of Northumberland • Earl of Devon (ex) • Earl of Wiltshire (ex) • Lord Clifford • Lord Dacre • Sir Andrew Trollope
York
The Battle of Hedgeley Moor
Date: 25 April 1464
Battle site: Approximately 6 miles south-east of Wooler, Northumberland.
Leaders in battle: John Neville • Marquess MontagueLeaders in battle: Duke of Somerset • Lord Roos • Lord Hungerford • Sir Ralph Percy

Casualties: Sir Ralph Percy
York
The Battle of Hexham
Date: 15 May 1464
Battle site: OS site known as Hexham Levels is 2 miles south-east of Hexham, Northumberland. Alternative site about one mile north-east near Swallowship Hill.
Leaders in battle: John Neville, Marquess MontaguLeaders in battle: Duke of Somerset • Lord Roos • Lord Hungerford

Casualties: Duke of Somerset (ex) • Lord Roos (ex) • Lord Hungerford (ex) • Sir Philip Wentworth • Sir William Tailboys
York
The Battle of Edgecote
Date: 26 July 1469
Battle site: Site known as Danes Moor south-east of Edgecote which is 5.5 miles north-east of Banbury, Oxfordshire.
Leaders in battle: Earl of Pembroke • Earl of Devon • Sir Richard Herbert

Casualties: Sir Thomas Vaughan • Earl of Pembroke (ex) • Earl of Devon (ex) • Sir Richard Herbert (ex)
Leaders in battle: 'Robin of Redesdale' • Sir Henry Neville

Casualties: Sir Henry Neville
Lancaster
The Battle of Empingham, also known as The Battle of Losecote Field
Date: 12 March 1470
Battle site: 2.5 miles north-east of Empingham, Rutland and just east of the Great North Road (A1).
Leaders in battle: King Edward IV
Leaders in battle: Sir Robert Welles • Sir Thomas de Launde • Richard Wauren

Casualties: Sir Robert Welles (ex) • Sir Thomas de Launde (ex) • Richard Wauren (ex)
York
The Battle of Barnet
Date: 14 April 1471
Battle site: Close to Hadley Wood about 1 mile north-east of Barnet, formerly in Middlesex.
Leaders in battle: King Edward IV • Duke of Gloucester • Duke of Clarence • Sir William Hastings

Casualties: Lord Say and Sele
Leaders in battle: Earl of Warwick • Earl of Oxford • Marquess of Montagu

Casualties: Earl of Warwick • Marquess of Montagu • Lord Cromwell • Sir Humphrey Bourchier
York
The Battle of Tewkesbury
Date: 4 May 1471
Battle site: About 0.5 miles south of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire.
Leaders in battle: King Edward IV • Duke of Gloucester • Duke of Clarence • Sir William HastingsLeaders in battle: Edward Prince of Wales • Duke of Somerset

Casualties: Edward Prince of Wales • Duke of Somerset (ex) • Earl of Devon • Lord Wenlock • John Beaufort • Sir John Delves • Sir Robert Whittinhgham
York
The Battle of Bosworth
Date: 22 August 1485
Battle site: Traditional site about 4.5 miles north-west of Hinckley between the villages of Sutton Cheney and Shenton, Leicestershire.
Leaders in battle: King Richard III • Duke of Norfolk • Earl of Northumberland

Casualties: King Richard III • Duke of Norfolk • William Catesby (ex) • Sir Richard Radcliffe • Sir Richard Brackenbury • Sir Robert Percy
Leaders in battle: Henry Tudor • Earl of Richmond • Earl of Oxford • Jasper Tudor • Lord Stanley • Sir William Stanley

Casualties: William Brandon
Lancaster
The Battle of Stoke
Date: 16 June 1487
Battle site: East Stoke 5 miles south-west of Newark, Nottinghamshire.
Leaders in battle: Earl of Lincoln • Martin Schwartz • Thomas FitzGerald •

Casualties: Earl of Lincoln • Martin Schwartz • Thomas FitzGerald
Leaders in battle: King Henry VII • Earl of Oxford • Lord StrangeLancaster